SBAB’s Swedish Covered Bond Corporation issued the largest Swedish krona green bond on Wednesday, a SEK6bn (EUR585m) covered bond backed by energy-efficient mortgages – the first in Sweden – that attracted over SEK14bn of orders and was priced inside SCBC’s secondary curve.
SBAB updated its green bond framework earlier this month, and on Wednesday of last week (16 January) announced plans for a debut green covered bond from its covered bond issuer, the Swedish Covered Bond Corporation (SCBC), to be launched after investor meetings early this week.
On Wednesday lead managers Danske Bank, SEB and Swedbank opened books in favourable market conditions with guidance of the 31bp over mid-swaps area, and after demand peaked at SEK14bn priced the SEK6bn issue at 29bp over.
“The deal went very well,” said Karl-Johan Nystedt, debt capital markets at SEB. “The fact it is the first green residential mortgage-backed covered bond issued by a Swedish bank made demand higher than usual.”
Anders Hult, head of funding at SBAB, said the order book is the largest he can recall for any of SCBC’s krona benchmarks.
“We opened up the trade at the fair value level based on the normal secondary curve as a reference, and we encountered great demand,” he told Sustainabonds. “That enabled us to push the price through the secondary curve, resulting in a greenium of approximately 3bp.”
Whether or not green bonds offer a pricing advantage for issuers versus regular issuance has been the subject of much analysis and debate, with other variables often confusing the picture, but the standardised and liquid nature of the Swedish krona benchmark covered bond market makes the pricing differential more transparent.
Hult said the greenium shows investors’ recognition of the issuer’s sustainability efforts, but also reflects the discount SBAB offers on a green retail mortgage product it launched last summer that is backing the new issue.
“In that sense it’s very good to be able to close the green circle,” he said, “that when you lend green at a discount that you also can borrow green at a discount.”
Emma Holmberg, head of investor relations at SBAB, said demand came from both traditional covered bond investors and green bond investors – some of whom showed an interest after having participated in SBAB’s previous senior green bonds – while the new issue attracted less interest than typical covered bonds from speculative investors, with real money accounts taking a greater share.
SEB’s Nystedt noted that the triple-A covered bonds suited a wide variety of investors: fund managers were allocated 41%, insurance companies and pension funds 31%, banks 24%, and others 4%.
As usual for a Swedish krona benchmark, domestic accounts dominated demand, and the pricing of the covered bond inside where equivalent euro benchmarks trade on an after-swap basis also limited international orders, according to SBAB.
According to Axel Wallin, sustainability strategist at SBAB, on the roadshow investors asked not only about the green bond framework, but wider aspects of the issuer’s sustainability efforts and broader issues relating to the properties backing the issue.
“Investors were interested in knowing more about how we mitigate and tackle upcoming climate risks that are not directly addressed in our framework,” he said, “although we are looking into these issues in accordance with the TCFD and other international policy initiatives.”
Noting that residential properties are responsible for a significant proportion of energy consumption in Sweden and that the production of new buildings accounts for a large amount of greenhouse gas emissions, Robur Fonder welcomed SBAB’s efforts.
“It is critical to reduce the emissions created by this sector, and ‘green mortgages’ is a step in the right direction that we are pleased to finance,” it said. “Swedbank Robur is delighted to see that the development of bonds backed up by green mortgages in Sweden is starting to show results.”
SBAB has sufficient eligible assets available to issue further green bonds, although it will be a regular rather than frequent issuer, said Hult.
“This initial issue was in the domestic market,” he said, “but down the road we can now maybe look at something in other currencies.
“We hope that this will stimulate other players to do the same as us,” he added, “namely to take responsibility in the sustainability area and push their organisations forward when it comes to green products in general, but also with a spill-over into more green bonds from other issuers.”